Add statistical details to charts with ggstatsplot

The ggstatsplot package in R is an extension of the ggplot2 package, designed to facilitate the creation of visualizations accompanied by statistical details.
This post showcases the key features of ggstatsplot and provides a set of graph examples using the package.



Quick start

The ggstatsplot package in R is an extension of the ggplot2 package, designed to facilitate the creation of visualizations accompanied by relevant statistical details.

It streamlines the process of integrating statistical tests with informative plots, making it easier for researchers and data analysts to communicate their findings effectively.

✍️ author β†’ Indrajeet Patil

πŸ“˜ documentation β†’ github

⭐️ more than 1000 stars on github

ggstatsplot::ggbetweenstats(data = mtcars, x = am, y = mpg, type = "p")


Getting started with ggstatsplot is straightforward.

First, ensure you have ggplot2 installed. Then, you can install ggstatsplot directly from CRAN using the install.packages function:

install.packages("waffle", repos = "")

Basic usage

The ggstatsplot package comes with about 9 functions, each of them targeting a specific statistical test.

For instance, the ggscatterstats() function visualizes the relationship between 2 variables x and y using a scatterplot. It runs a linear regression and draw a regression line that provides a visual representation of the linear relationship between the two variables. The shaded region around it represents the confidence interval.

The marginal histograms on the top and right side of the plot show the distribution of the x and y variables, respectively. Additionally, the plot provides statistical details like correlation coefficient, p-value, and sample size.

Here is an example using the famous mtcars dataset, checking the relationship between the hp and mpg columns:

ggscatterstats(data = mtcars, x = hp, y = mpg)

Now, let’s try to summarize the power of ggstatsplot through its main functions:

Key features

Here is an overview of the main function offered by ggstatsplot with a short description of what they do:

β†’ ggbetweenstats

ggbetweenstats() creates violin plots for comparisons between groups or conditions, accompanied by results from statistical tests.


ggstatsplot::ggbetweenstats(data = mtcars, x = am, y = mpg, type = "p")

β†’ ggwithinstats

ggwithinstats() is used to display data distributions, descriptive statistics, and statistical tests for different groups within the same variable.

The function is particularly useful for visualizing and testing differences within a single categorical variable.

Here’s a simple example using the mtcars dataset that comes built-in with R:

  data = bugs_long,
  x = condition,
  y = desire,
  type = "nonparametric", ## type of statistical test
  xlab = "Condition", ## label for the x-axis
  ylab = "Desire to kill an artrhopod", ## label for the y-axis
  package = "yarrr", ## package from which color palette is to be taken
  palette = "info2", ## choosing a different color palette
  title = "Comparison of desire to kill bugs",
  caption = "Source: Ryan et al., 2013"
) + ## modifying the plot further
    limits = c(0, 10),
    breaks = seq(from = 0, to = 10, by = 1)

β†’ gghistostats

gghistostats() generates histograms to visualize the distribution of a numeric variable and checks if its mean is significantly different from a specified value with a one-sample test:

  data       = ggplot2::msleep,
  x          = awake,
  title      = "Amount of time spent awake",
  test.value = 12,
  binwidth   = 1

β†’ Other functions

Several other functions are available: - ggdotplotstats() β†’ Similar to gghistostats(), but intended for labeled numeric variables.

  • ggscatterstats() β†’ Creates a scatterplot with marginal distributions overlaid on the axes and results from statistical tests in the subtitle.

  • ggcorrmat() β†’ Produces a correlalogram (a matrix of correlation coefficients) with statistical details.

  • ggpiestats() β†’ Creates a pie chart for categorical or nominal variables with results from contingency table analysis included in the subtitle.

  • ggbarstats() β†’ An alternative to ggpiestats(), this function creates bar charts for categorical data with associated statistical tests.

  • ggcoefstats() β†’ Generates dot-and-whisker plots for regression models and meta-analysis.

Those functions are described more in depth in other pages of the R graph gallery.

Related chart types

Connected scatter
Density 2d

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